North Carolina Wildflowers, Shrubs, and Trees

by Jeffrey S. Pippen | Back to Jeff's Plant Page | Jeff's Nature Pages


Theaceae > Stewartia (wild camellia)

Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata) Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Uncommon to rare in the North Carolina piedmont and mountains, Mountain-Camellia is a handsome large shrub to small tree found in mesic forested habitats.

Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata) Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Leaves are elliptic-ovate with acuminate tips.

Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata) Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Leaves are pubescent with ciliate margins.

Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata) Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata) Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata) Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Bark is colorful and peely in young specimens and becomes diamond-ridged in older individuals.

Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata) Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Leaves occur in horizontal planes causing the plant to look similar to a Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) from a distance.


Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

A rare to uncommon large shrub/small tree in North Carolina, this Stewartia grows mainly in mesic forests in the coastal plain, and rarely westward to the mountains in NC.

Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Flowers are impressively attractive!

Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Flowers have many stamens and the styles are fused into a single structure with a 5-parted stigma.

Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Leaves occur in horizontal planes.

Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Leaves are silky/ciliate.

Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron) Silky Camellia (Stewartia malacodendron)
Planted specimen, Duke Gardens, Durham Co., NC
30 May 2013

Bark


Annotated habitat and distribution information listed above is from Radford, Ahles, & Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. UNC Press; and from personal observations and discussions with Will Cook, Harry LeGrand, and Bob Wilbur. Common names from personal experience and supplemented by the following resources USDA plants website, Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and NatureServe.


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Created on ... June 12, 2013 | jeffpippen9@gmail.com