North Carolina Wildflowers, Shrubs, & Trees

by Jeffrey S. Pippen | Back to Jeff's Plant Page | Jeff's Nature Pages


Asteraceae > Solidago (goldenrod)

Tall Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod (Solidago altissima) Tall Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod (Solidago altissima)
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, Dare Co., NC
7 Nov 2007

Statewide in NC along roadsides, fields, and other disturbed areas. This species is utilized by butterflies for nectar as other nectar sources disappear in the fall.

Tall Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod (Solidago altissima) Tall Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod (Solidago altissima)
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, Dare Co., NC
7 Nov 2007

goldenrod (Solidago sp.) goldenrod (Solidago sp.)
Dare Co., NC
2 Oct 2008

Possibly Solidago altissima

goldenrod (Solidago sp.) goldenrod (Solidago sp.)
Dare Co., NC
2 Oct 2008

Possibly Solidago altissima

goldenrod (Solidago sp.) goldenrod (Solidago sp.)
Dare Co., NC
2 Oct 2008

Possibly Solidago altissima


Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa)
Pender Co., NC
13 Sep 2009

Common in the NC coastal plain in a variety of wet soil habitats.

Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa)
Pender Co., NC
13 Sep 2009

Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa)
Pender Co., NC
13 Sep 2009

Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa)
Pender Co., NC
13 Sep 2009

Note many cauline leaves and hairy stems.

Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod, Pine Barrens Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa)
Pender Co., NC
13 Sep 2009


Appalachian Goldenrod (Solidago flaccidifolia) Appalachian Goldenrod (Solidago flaccidifolia)
Buncombe Co., NC
13 July 2011

Uncommon in the NC mountains.

Appalachian Goldenrod (Solidago flaccidifolia) Appalachian Goldenrod (Solidago flaccidifolia)
Buncombe Co., NC
13 July 2011
Appalachian Goldenrod (Solidago flaccidifolia) Appalachian Goldenrod (Solidago flaccidifolia)
Buncombe Co., NC
13 July 2011

Anisescented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod (Solidago odora) Anisescented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod (Solidago odora)
Scotland Co., NC
1 Oct 2006

Statewide in NC, most common in dry sandy woods.

Anisescented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod (Solidago odora) Anisescented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod (Solidago odora)
Scotland Co., NC
1 Oct 2006

Anisescented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod (Solidago odora) Anisescented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod (Solidago odora)
Scotland Co., NC
1 Oct 2006

Crushing the leaves yields a mild licorice aroma.


Rigid Goldenrod (Solidago rigida) Rigid Goldenrod (Solidago rigida, Oligoneuron rigidum)
Granville Co., NC
10 Sep 2006

Significantly Rare in NC, this prairie plant is only found in limey soils in a handful of counties.

Rigid Goldenrod (Solidago rigida) Rigid Goldenrod (Solidago rigida, Oligoneuron rigidum)
Granville Co., NC
10 Sep 2006

Rigid Goldenrod (Solidago rigida) Rigid Goldenrod (Solidago rigida, Oligoneuron rigidum)
Granville Co., NC
10 Sep 2006


Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
Edge of swamp & field in Durham Co., NC
31 Oct 2009

Common statewide in NC.

Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
Edge of swamp & field in Durham Co., NC
31 Oct 2009

Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
Edge of swamp & field in Durham Co., NC
31 Oct 2009

Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
Edge of swamp & field in Durham Co., NC
31 Oct 2009

Leaves ands stems are rough when rubbed.

Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
Edge of swamp & field in Durham Co., NC
31 Oct 2009

Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
Edge of swamp & field in Durham Co., NC
31 Oct 2009


Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata) Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Common in NC in high elevation habitats in the mountains, this species entire range is restricted to eastern Tennessee and western North Carolina.

Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata) Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Flower heads are much larger than most goldenrods.

Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata) Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata) Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata) Skunk Goldenrod, Clustered Goldenrod (Solidago glomerata)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Basal rosettes of leaves are distinctive and reported to smell skunky.


Curtis's Goldenrod (Solidgo curtisii) Curtis's Goldenrod (Solidgo curtisii)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Common in the NC mountains on mesic wooded slopes.

Curtis's Goldenrod (Solidgo curtisii)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Note long slender, toothed leaves along stem and axillary flower clusters.

Curtis's Goldenrod (Solidgo curtisii)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008

Curtis's Goldenrod (Solidgo curtisii)
Mt. Mitchell State Park, Yancey Co., NC
13 Sep 2008


Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
Coastal sand dunes on the Outer Banks, Dare Co., NC
9 Nov 2008

Common in coastal dunes and dune marshes to the ocean.

Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
Coastal sand dunes on the Outer Banks, Dare Co., NC
9 Nov 2008

Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
Coastal sand dunes on the Outer Banks, Dare Co., NC
9 Nov 2008

Leaves are tough and stems are often reddish.

Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
Coastal sand dunes on the Outer Banks, Dare Co., NC
9 Nov 2008

The whole plant may grow erect, sprawling along the sand, or somewhere in between, depending upon recent storm condidtions.


unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.) unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.) from a bog in the NC mountains.
Avery Co., NC
22 July 2006

unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.) unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.)
Avery Co., NC
22 July 2006

unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.) unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.)
Avery Co., NC
22 July 2006

unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.) unidentified goldenrod (Solidago sp.)
Avery Co., NC
22 July 2006


Annotated habitat and distribution information listed above is from Radford, Ahles, & Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. UNC Press; Alan Weakley's Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia; and from personal observations and discussions with Will Cook, Harry LeGrand, and Bob Wilbur. Supplemental resources include USDA plants website, and NatureServe.


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Created on ... Sep 28, 2006 | jeffpippen9@gmail.com