North Carolina Wildflowers, Shrubs, & Trees

by Jeffrey S. Pippen | Back to Jeff's Plant Page | Jeff's Nature Pages


Aristolochiaceae > Hexastylis (heartleaf)

Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia) Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia)
Bladen Co., NC
25 Mar 2007

Statewide and common in North Carolina in various forested habitats.

Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia) Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia)
Bladen Co., NC
25 Mar 2007

Flowers resemble little brown jugs and are usually hidden under leaf litter. Note that the flowers do not open widely in this species.

Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia) Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia)
Durham Co., NC
7 Apr 2007

Here's a cutaway of the calyx tube showing the stamens inside.

Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia) Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia)
Orange Co., NC
9 May 2013

Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia) Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia)
Bladen Co., NC
25 Mar 2007

Note pale areas between the veins, not along the veins.

Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia) Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia)
Durham Co., NC
7 Apr 2007

Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia) Littlebrownjug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf (Hexastylis arifolia)
Orange Co., NC
9 May 2013

Leaf shape is variable


Lewis's Heartleaf (Hexastylis lewisii) Lewis's Heartleaf (Hexastylis lewisii)
Durham Co., NC
11 Mar 2007

Endemic to and rare in the Virginia & North Carolina piedmont and the NC coastal plain. Lewis's Heartleaf grows in forests and pocosins.

Lewis's Heartleaf (Hexastylis lewisii) Lewis's Heartleaf (Hexastylis lewisii)
Durham Co., NC
11 Mar 2007


Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor) Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Weymouth Woods State Park, Moore Co., NC
14 Mar 2007

Common in forested habitats in the eastern 2/3 of North Carolina.

Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor) Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Weymouth Woods State Park, Moore Co., NC
14 Mar 2007

Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor) Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Weymouth Woods State Park, Moore Co., NC
14 Mar 2007

Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor) Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Weymouth Woods State Park, Moore Co., NC
14 Mar 2007

Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor) Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Weymouth Woods State Park, Moore Co., NC
14 Mar 2007


probably Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Fews Ford Division of Eno River State Park, Orange Co., NC
22 March 2009

probably Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Fews Ford Division of Eno River State Park, Orange Co., NC
22 March 2009

probably Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Fews Ford Division of Eno River State Park, Orange Co., NC
22 March 2009

probably Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Fews Ford Division of Eno River State Park, Orange Co., NC
22 March 2009

probably Little Heartleaf (Hexastylis minor)
Fews Ford Division of Eno River State Park, Orange Co., NC
22 March 2009


Dwarf-flower Heartleaf (Hexastylis naniflora) Dwarf-flower Heartleaf (Hexastylis naniflora)
Planted specimen in Duke Gardens, Durham, NC
30 May 2013

A rare endemic to s. NC and n. SC piedmonts.

Dwarf-flower Heartleaf (Hexastylis naniflora) Dwarf-flower Heartleaf (Hexastylis naniflora)
Planted specimen in Duke Gardens, Durham, NC
30 May 2013

Dwarf-flower Heartleaf (Hexastylis naniflora) Dwarf-flower Heartleaf (Hexastylis naniflora)
Planted specimen in Duke Gardens, Durham, NC
30 May 2013

Flowers are smaller than most Hexastylis.


Annotated habitat and distribution information listed above is from Radford, Ahles, & Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. UNC Press; Alan Weakley's Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia; and from personal observations and discussions with Will Cook, Harry LeGrand, and Bob Wilbur. Supplemental resources include USDA plants website, and NatureServe.


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Created on ... Nov 19, 2006 | jeffpippen9@gmail.com