Mammal Photos

by Jeffrey S. Pippen | Jeff's Dolphins & Whales Page | Jeff's Seals & Sea Lions Page | Jeff's Manatees Page | Back to Jeff's Nature Pages

Rabbits, Hares (Leporidae)

Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

This young bunny is only about half-grown and does net yet exhibit the distinctive long legs and long ears, relative to other rabbits in the east.

Moore Co., NC 6/10/2006
Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

Moore Co., NC 6/10/2006
Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

Moore Co., NC 6/10/2006
Appalachian Cottontail (Sylvilagus obscurus) Appalachian Cottontail (Sylvilagus obscurus)

Clay Co., NC 5/13/2006
Mountain Cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii) Mountain Cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii)
near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
15 July 2013

Widespread in the western US in sagebrush, grasslands, some wooded areas.

Mountain Cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii) Mountain Cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii)
near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
15 July 2013
Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris)
Ten Thousand Islands NWR, Collier Co., FL
11 Feb 2014

Smaller ears, legs, and tail help identify this cottontail of marshes and swamps in the coastal plain of the southeastern US.

Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris)
Ten Thousand Islands NWR, Collier Co., FL
11 Feb 2014
Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris)
Ten Thousand Islands NWR, Collier Co., FL
11 Feb 2014
Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) Marsh Rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris)
Ten Thousand Islands NWR, Collier Co., FL
11 Feb 2014
Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus) Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus)
Bass Creek, Ravalli Co., MT
28 Apr 2016
Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus) Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus)
Bass Creek, Ravalli Co., MT
28 Apr 2016
Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus) Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus)
Bass Creek, Ravalli Co., MT
28 Apr 2016

Beavers (Castoridae)

American Beaver (Castor canadensis) American Beaver (Castor canadensis)

Lamar Valley, Park Co., MT 5/4/2015
American Beaver (Castor canadensis) American Beaver (Castor canadensis)

Lamar Valley, Park Co., MT 5/4/2015
Beaver dam American Beaver (Castor canadensis)

Fairly new beaver dam developing along New Hope Creek in the Duke Forest.

Orange Co., NC 2/10/2012
American Beaver (Castor canadensis)

Beavers build lodges out of sticks in the middle of the pond that forms behind the dams they build.

Mono Co., CA 7/16/2007
American Beaver (Castor canadensis) American Beaver (Castor canadensis)

Here is a sure sign that beavers live in the area!

Orange Co., NC 12/23/2007

Porcupines (Erethizontidae)

North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)

Fairly widespread in North America except in the southeast and parts of the great plains and western midwest.

Lee Metcalf NWR, Ravalli Co., MT 5/15/2015

Squirrels, Chipmunks, & Marmots (Scuiridae)

Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

Living in coniferous forests of the North and high elevations, this is an energetic & feisty species. In NC, they're found only in the mountains, and this is near the southernmost edge of their range in the Eastern U.S.

Quebec, Canada 8/6/2005
Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

Missoula Co., MT 9/11/2013

Click here for more Red Squirrel photos.

Gray Squirrel (Sciurus caroliniensis) Gray Squirrel (Sciurus caroliniensis)

Very common over much of eastern North America and certainly the most common squirrel in NC, this species is excellent at raiding bird feeders!

St. Petersburg, FL 12/28/2006

Click here for more Gray Squirrel photos, including an all black race.

Gray Squirrel (Sciurus caroliniensis) Gray Squirrel (Sciurus caroliniensis)

A constant battle takes place between backyard bird enthusiasts providing seed and shelter for birds and the opportunistic squirrels who believe those gifts are for them!

Durham, NC 11/18/2006

Click here for more Gray Squirrel photos, including an all black race.

Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)

The largest squirrel in the eastern U.S., they are abundant in some parts of their range and are found begging at every park bench. In NC, however, they are rare and are found primarily in dry remnant longleaf pine habitats. Their body coloration is variable from grayish and/or rufous to quite blackish with white on the face.

Brunswick Co., NC 6/27/2010
Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)

Brunswick Co., NC 5/15/2004
Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)

This individual is motly tawny-gray with the black restricted to the head.

Brunswick Co., NC 10/29/2006
Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)
Brunswick Co., NC
11 July 2009
Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)
Brunswick Co., NC
11 July 2009
Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)

Kalamazoo Co., MI 3/14/2004
Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) Eastern Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger)

Kalamazoo Co., MI 3/15/2004
Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus) Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus)
Quebec, Canada 8/6/2005

Largest chipmunk in North America. Note indistinct face stripes and reddish rump area.

Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus) Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus)
Orange Co., NC
12 Sep 2007
Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus) Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus)
Orange Co., NC
12 Sep 2007
Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus) Durham Co., NC
11 June 2008

Enjoying black oil sunflower seeds in my back yard!

Least Chipmunk (Tamias minimus)

Appropriately named, this is one of the smallest chipmunks and is found from Michigan's upper peninsula west throughout Canada and down into much of the mountainous areas of the western U.S.

Mt. Rainier, WA 8/9/2004
Least Chipmunk (Tamias minimus)
Mt. Rainier, WA 8/9/2004
Red-tailed Chipmunk (Tamias ruficaudus Red-tailed Chipmunk (Tamias ruficaudus, Neotamias ruficaudus)
Cottonwood Lakes, Powell Co., MT 7/20/2013

Strongly marked facial pattern and colorful tail distinguish this species, found from se British Columbia to sw MT.

Yellow-Pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus) Red-tailed Chipmunk (Tamias ruficaudus, Neotamias ruficaudus) or perhaps Yellow-pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT 9/4/2013
Yellow-Pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus) Yellow-pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus)
MPG North, Missoula Co., MT 9/6/2013
Yellow-Pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus) Yellow-pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT 9/24/2014

Click here for more Yellow-pine Chipmunk Photos

Cascade Golden-mantled Ground Squirrels (Spermophilus saturatus)

Endemic to the Cascade Mountains of Washington and British Columbia

Mt. Rainier, WA 8/9/2004
Cascade Golden-mantled Ground Squirrels (Spermophilus saturatus)
Mt. Rainier, WA 8/9/2004
Nelson's Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus nelsoni) Nelson's Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus nelsoni)
Alabama Hills area of Inyo Co., CA
19 July 2007

Endemic to central CA.

Belding's Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus beldingi) Belding's Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus beldingi)
Mono Lake in Mono Co., CA
16 July 2007

Found in and around the Sierra Nevada and the Cascades in the western U.S.

Richardson's Ground Squirrel (Urocitellus richardsonii)
Freezout Lake WMA, Teton Co., MT
11 April 2016

Columbian ground squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus) Columbian Ground Squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus)
Lee Metcalf NWR, Ravalli Co., MT
8 May 2014
Columbian ground squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus) Columbian Ground Squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus)
Lee Metcalf NWR, Ravalli Co., MT
8 May 2014
Columbian ground squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus) Columbian Ground Squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus)
Lee Metcalf NWR, Ravalli Co., MT
8 May 2014
Columbian ground squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus) Columbian Ground Squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus)
Lee Metcalf NWR, Ravalli Co., MT
8 May 2014
Wyoming Ground Squirrel (Urocitellus elegans)
Florissant Fossil Bed National Monument, Teller Co., CO
7 July 2016
Yellow-bellied Marmot (Marmota flaviventris) Yellow-bellied Marmot (Marmota flaviventris)

Found in mountainous regions of western North America

Mission Valley, MT 4/20/2014
Hoary Marmot (Marmota caligata)

Found in rocky habitats at high altitudes from the northwestern U.S., through Canada, and into Alaska

Mt. Rainier, WA 8/9/2004
Hoary Marmot (Marmota caligata)
Mt. Rainier, WA 8/9/2004
Woodchuck (Marmota monax) Woodchuck = Groundhog (Marmota monax)

The only marmot in the eastern U.S. and absent from most of the western U.S., groundhogs range from Alabama & Georgia to northeastern Canada and west through Canada all the way to Alaska! In NC, they're primarily in the mountains & piedmont of the state and are more common in the northern counties.

St. Claire Co., MI 7/8/2003
Woodchuck (Marmota monax) Woodchuck, Groundhog (Marmota monax)
York Co., VA
21 Aug 2013
Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)
Rosebud Co., MT
31 May 2014
Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)
Rosebud Co., MT
31 May 2014
Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)
Rosebud Co., MT
31 May 2014
Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)
Rosebud Co., MT
31 May 2014

Coypu, Nutria (Myocastoridae)

Nutria (Myocastor coypus)

Introduced to North America in the 1940s, Nutrias have become a pest in parts of the southeastern U.S. They thrive in both fresh and saltwater habitats eating vegetation and invertebrates.

Hyde Co., NC 1/26/2007
Nutria (Myocastor coypus) Nutria (Myocastor coypus)

Nutria are accomplished swimmers.

Hyde Co., NC 1/8/2006
Nutria (Myocastor coypus)

Several Nutria sunning in a huddle!

Hyde Co., NC 1/26/2007

Raccoons (Procyonidae)

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Buxton, NC 2/11/2014

Common throughout Central and North America, especially where there's water, Raccoons are the epitomy of omnivorous. They eat nearly everything from fruits and vegetables to worms, insects, crustaceans, fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and small mammals.

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Buxton, NC 8/1/2009
Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Buxton, NC 8/1/2009

The also enjoy dog food.

Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Mammoth Cave National Park, KY 7/1/2003

Opossums (Didelphidae)

Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

Alligator River NWR, Dare Co., NC 2/22/2009

The only marsupial (pouched mammal) in the US, "possums" are common in both rural and suburban habitats near woods and streams. They eat many different things from insects to fruits to snakes to carrion.

Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

Alligator River NWR, Dare Co., NC 2/22/2009

Opossums have prehensile tails they can use to grab branches and hold themselves up.


Otters, Weasels, and relatives (Mustelidae)

North American River Otter (Lontra canadensis)
Collier Co., FL
16 Feb 2014

Widespread coast to coast in North America but absent in many interior states. They're frequently seen along the coast in estuaries and tidal areas. River Otters are semiaquatic and feed on a variety of animals from crayfish and fish to reptiles, amphibians, small mammals, and birds, fruits, and vegetables.

American Mink (Neovison vison) American Mink (Neovison vison)
Bitterroot River near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
16 July 2013

Widespread coast to coast in North America where native and introduced to Europe and S. America. Minks are semiaquatic and feed on a variety of animals from crayfish and fish to amphibians, small mammals, and birds.

American Badger (Taxidea taxus) American Badger (Taxidea taxus)
Lee Metcalf NWR, Ravalli Co., MT
27 June 2014

Badgers live in central and western North America, especially in prairie and other habitats with soil soft enough for them to dig. They feed on various snakes, small mammals, and whatever else they feel like eating!

American Badger (Taxidea taxus) American Badger (Taxidea taxus)
Lee Metcalf NWR, Ravalli Co., MT
27 June 2014

Click here for more American Badger photos.


Peccaries (Tayassuidae)

Collared Peccary,Javelina (Pecari tajacu) Collared Peccary = Javelina (Pecari tajacu)

Native to and widespread throughout the American tropics north to desert southwestern U.S., peccaries resemble pigs but are actually in different families. It's best to observe them from a safe distance as they can give a vicious bite when annoyed.

Hidalgo Co., TX 10/16/2004

Canines (Order Carnivora, Family Canidae)

Coyote (Canis latrans) Coyote (Canis latrans)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
17 May 2014
Coyote (Canis latrans) Coyote (Canis latrans)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
17 May 2014
probably Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) burrow probably Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) burrow

Native to and widespread throughout the Americas, Gray Foxes often live in burrows in forests.

Duke Forest, Durham Co., NC 10/22/2012
Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
6 May 2015

Three members of the Lamar Pack. The white one is the collared alfa female. I got lucky and got this shot of all 3 howling. These pics were hand-held digiscoped with an iPhone.

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
6 May 2015

Bison don't care about no wolves...

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
6 May 2015

The den site was somewhere up there.


Cats (Order Carnivora, Family Felidae)

Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Bobcat (Lynx rufus)

Widespread across both North Carolina and North America, Bobcats are mostly nocturnal, secretive, and seldomly seen, so Bill Bouton was definitely in the right place at the right time to snap these photos!

San Luis Obispo Co., CA 9/29/2006
Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Bobcat (Lynx rufus)

San Luis Obispo Co., CA 8/29/2006

Bears (Order Carnivora, Family Ursidae)

Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015

Courting pair way up in the snowbank. These Grizzly pics were handheld digiscoped with an iPhone.

Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015

The female wasn't much interested in the male's advances.

Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015

The male was persistent, however.

Black Bear (Ursus americanus) American Black Bear (Ursus americanus)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015
Black Bear (Ursus americanus) American Black Bear (Ursus americanus)
Alligator River NWR, Dare Co., NC
24 Mar 2014

Found mostly in the mountains and coastal plain in North Carolina, American Black Bears may be locally fairly common.

Click here for more American Black Bear photos.

Black Bear (Ursus americanus) American Black Bear (Ursus americanus)
Allilgator River NWR, Dare Co., NC 11/11/2013


Odd-toed Ungulates (Order Perissodactyla, Family Equidae)

Feral Horse (Equus ferus caballus) Feral Horse (Equus ferus caballus)
Missoula Co., MT
15 Sep 2014

Native to North America, Europe, and Asia, Wild Horses evolved millions of years ago. The species went extinct in North America about 8,000 - 10,000 years ago, but domesticated versions of the same species were re-introduced by European settlers in the 15th century.

Feral Horse (Equus ferus caballus) Feral Horse (Equus ferus caballus)
Missoula Co., MT
15 Sep 2014

Feral Horses are horses that currently live in the wild but descended from domesticated horses. Many such populations exist in North America and offer insight to the biology and behavior of Wild Horses. The horses in these photographs are from an untamed feral population that's been living in the wild for over a hundred years. The "fences" seen here are actually exclosure fences, keeping ungulates out of protected areas, rather than fences that keep the horses pastured. If approached, this herd takes the defensive posture of facing the approacher, and they will become aggressive if the approacher gets too close!


Even-toed Ungulates (Order Artiodactyla, Family Bovidae)

American Bison (Bison bison) American Bison (Bison bison)
Lamar Valley, Park Co., WY
4 May 2015
American Bison (Bison bison) American Bison (Bison bison)
Lamar Valley, Park Co., WY
4 May 2015
American Bison (Bison bison) American Bison (Bison bison)
Lamar Valley, Park Co., WY
6 May 2015

Baby Bison are called "red dogs".


Even-toed Ungulates (Order Artiodactyla, Family Cervidae)

White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Dare Co., NC 3/4/2006

Click here for more White-tailed Deer photos and information.

White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Dare Co., NC 3/4/2006

Youngster enjoying a mushroom.

Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Sonora Pass, CA 7/12/2007

Common in a variety of habitats in western North America. Note the black in the tail.

Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Sonora Pass, CA 7/12/2007

Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
Olympic National Park, WA 5/8/2011

Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
19 July 2013
Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
19 July 2013
Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
15 Sep 2013
Moose (Alces alces) Moose (Alces alces)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015

Click here for additional Moose photos

Moose (Alces alces) Moose (Alces alces)
Lochsa River, Idaho Co., ID
5 Aug 2015
Elk (Cervus elaphus) Elk (Cervus elaphus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
15 Sep 201

Formerly widespread across North America, now common only in parts of the West. Reintroduction programs are being successful in parts of the east from Michigan to North Carolina. Click here for more Elk photos!

Elk (Cervus elaphus) Elk (Cervus elaphus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
15 Sep 2013

Large bull photographed at low light from a long distance. Hand-held at 200x. Looks like a nice oil painting!

Elk (Cervus elaphus) Elk (Cervus elaphus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
15 Sep 2013

Bull Elk rub trees to remove velvet from antlers and mark their territories.

Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
7 May 2015
Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
7 May 2015
Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
Rosebud Co., MT
1 June 2014

Sheep, Goats, & kin (Order Artiodactyla, Family Bovidae)

Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)
Missoula Co., MT
27 Apr 2015

Rare to fairly common in desert and mountainous regions of Western North America where grassy areas for foraging exist.

Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)
Rock Creek, Missoula Co., MT
7 May 2012

Click here for more Bighorn Sheep photos and info.

Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015
Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015
Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus)
Yellowstone NP, Park Co., WY
5 May 2015

Mice and Rats (Muridae)

deermouse (Peromyscus sp.) White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus)
Durham Co., NC
17 Aug 2006

This is a youngster as noted by large-looking head and overall gray coloration. Older individuals are warmer brownish.

White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus) White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus)

Balancing on the edge of a dip net.

Scotland Co, NC
11 Mar 2010
White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus) #6128
Probably White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus)

This nest was under tin in the gamelands. A few grayish youngsters were tucked under mama.

Scotland Co, NC
18 Feb 2007
Probably White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus)
Scotland Co, NC
18 Feb 2007
Probably White-footed Deermouse (Peromyscus leucopus)
Scotland Co, NC
18 Feb 2007
North American Deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) North American Deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)
near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
14 July 2013

Common and widespread across North America except for the Southeast.

North American Deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) North American Deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)
near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
14 July 2013
vole (Microtus sp.) vole (Microtus sp.)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
14 Sep 2013

Vole field identification can be difficult. This is most likely a Montane Vole (Microtus montanus), but I'm not sure that Meadow Vole (M. pennsylvanicus) can be ruled out.

vole (Microtus sp.) vole (Microtus sp.)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
14 Sep 2013

Shrews (Order Insectivora, Family Soricidae)

Southern Short-tailed Shrew (Blarina carolinensis) Southern Short-tailed Shrew (Blarina carolinensis)
Caught in a bucket in Scotland Co., NC
11 March 2010

The bedraggled look to this individual is due to being wet in the bottom of the bucket. These shrews dig many burrows and are found in moist woodlands in the eastern 2/3 of NC. They eat insects, worms, nuts, berries, etc.



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Created on ... October 17, 2005 | jeffpippen9@gmail.com