MPG Ranch Butterflies of western Montana

by Jeffrey S. Pippen | Jeff's Butterflies Page | Jeff's Nature Page | MPG Ranch

Here is a preliminary photo guide to the butterflies of the MPG Ranch and MPG North properties in Missoula Co., MT. This photo guide will be useful for anyone conducting butterfly research or identifying butterflies in the northern US and southern Canadian Rocky Mountain region. Taxonomy and phylogenetic order are based on A CATALOGUE OF THE BUTTERFLIES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA (Pelham, 2014).


Parnassians and Swallowtails (Papilionidae)

Rocky Mountain Parnassian (Parnassius smintheus) Rocky Mountain Parnassian (Parnassius smintheus) Rocky Mountain Parnassian (Parnassius smintheus magnus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
Left: Male 30 June 2014
Right: Female 1 July 2014

Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon) Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon) Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
21 Apr 2014

Abdomen is yellow with black stripes. Black "pupil" in orange eyespot at corner of wing touches edge. Considered by some authorities to be P. bairdii oregonia.


Anise Swallowtail (Papilio zelicaon) Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon) Anise Swallowtail (Papilio zelicaon)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
Left: 20 May 2014
Right: 28 May 2014

Abdomen is black with yellow stripes. "Pupil" inside the orange eyespot is mostly centered inside the orange.


Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) Western Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio rutulus)
Below Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
3 July 2014

Pale Swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon) Pale Swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
2 July 2014

Two-tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata) Two-tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata) Two-tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multucaudatus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
15 July 2013

Whites and Sulphurs (Pieridae)

Pink-edged Sulphur (Colias interior) Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice) Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
11 July 2014

Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme) Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)
Missoula Co., MT
6 Oct 2015 (left), 6 Sep 2013 (right)

Queen Alexandra's Sulphur (Colias alexandra pseudocolumbiensis) Queen Alexandra's Sulphur (Colias alexandra pseudocolumbiensis) Christina Sulphur (Colias christina pseudocolumbiensis)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
17 July 2013

Some authors elevate this taxon to the species level (C. pseudocolumbiensis), while others lump this pseudocolumbiensis taxon with Queen Alexandra's Sulphur.


Queen Alexandra's Sulphur (Colias alexandra edwardsii)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
17 July 2013

This taxon is treated by some as Edward's Sulphur (C. edwardsii edwardsii).


Pink-edged Sulphur (Colias interior) Pink-edged Sulphur (Colias interior) Pink-edged Sulphur (Colias interior)
Left: MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT; 11 July 2014
Right: Davis Creek, Missoula Co., MT; 3 July 2014

Julia Orangetip (Anthocharis julia) Julia Orangetip (Anthocharis julia) Sara Orangetip (Anthocharis sara sulfuris)
Mt Baldy area, Missoula Co., MT
21 May 2014

Large Marble (Euchloe ausonides) Large Marble (Euchloe ausonides) Large Marble (Euchloe ausonides)
Bitterroot River Floodplain, Missoula Co., MT
24 May 2014

Desert Marble (Euchloe lotta) Desert Marble (Euchloe lotta) Desert Marble (Euchloe lotta)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
13 Apr 2015

Pine White (Neophasia menapia) Pine White (Neophasia menapia) Pine White (Neophasia menapia)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
2 Sep 2014

Margined White (Pieris marginalis) Margined White (Pieris marginalis) Margined White (Pieris marginalis)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
26 June 2015

Cabbage White (Pieris rapae) Cabbage White (Pieris rapae) Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)
MPG Ranch gardens, Missoula Co., MT
Left: 3 Oct 2014
Right: 2 Sep 2013

Becker's White (Pontia beckerii) Becker's White (Pontia beckerii) Becker's White (Pontia beckerii)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
22 July 2013

Western White (Pontia occidentalis) Western White (Pontia occidentalis) Western White (Pontia occidentalis)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
9 July 2014

Spring White (Pontia sisymbrii flavitincta)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
8 May 2012

Coppers, Hairstreaks, and Blues (Lycaenidae)

Edith's Copper (Lycaena editha) Edith's Copper (Lycaena editha) Edith's Copper (Lycaena editha)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
17 July 2015

Blue Copper (Lycaena heteronea) Blue Copper (Lycaena heteronea) Blue Copper (Lycaena heteronea)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
Left: Male 15 July 2013
Right: Female 15 July 2013

Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides) Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides) Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides)
MPG Ranch Education Garden, Missoula Co., MT
2 Sep 2013

Mariposa Copper (Lycaena mariposa) Mariposa Copper (Lycaena mariposa) Mariposa Copper (Lycaena mariposa)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
11 July 2014

California Hairstreak (Satyrium californica) California Hairstreak (Satyrium californica) California Hairstreak (Satyrium californica)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
7 July 2014

Sylvan Hairstreak (Satyrium sylvinus) Sylvan Hairstreak (Satyrium sylvinus) Sylvan Hairstreak (Satyrium sylvinus)
Left: MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT 27 July 2014
Right: Davis Creek, Missoula Co., MT 21 July 2013

Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus) Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus) Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus immaculosus)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
21 July 2013 (left), 22 July 2014 (right)

Hedgerow Hairstreak (Satyrium saepium) Hedgerow Hairstreak (Satyrium saepium) Hedgerow Hairstreak (Satyrium saepium)
S. Baldy Ridge, MPG Ranch, Missoula Co., MT
1 Aug 2014

Sheridan's Hairstreak (Callophrys sheridanii) Sheridan's Hairstreak (Callophrys sheridanii) Sheridan's Hairstreak (Callophrys sheridanii)
Mt. Baldy, MPG Ranch, Missoula, MT
2 May 2014

Thicket Hairstreak (Satyrium spinetorum) Thicket Hairstreak (Satyrium spinetorum) Thicket Hairstreak (Satyrium spinetorum)
Davis Creek, Missoula Co., MT
2 May 2015

Brown Elfin (Deciduphagus augustinus, Callophrys augustinus Brown Elfin (Deciduphagus augustinus, Callophrys augustinus) Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
19 May 2014

Moss' Elfin (Callophrys mossii) Moss' Elfin (Callophrys mossii) Moss' Elfin (Callophrys mossii)
Mt Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
19 May 2014

Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polios) Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polios) Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polios)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
23 May 2014

Western Pine Elfin (Callophrys eryphon) Western Pine Elfin (Callophrys eryphon) Western Pine Elfin (Callophrys eryphon)
Left: Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT 6 May 2014
Right: MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT 23 May 2014

Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus) Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus) Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
17 July 2013

Echo Azure (Celastrina echo nigrescens) Echo Azure (Celastrina echo nigrescens) Echo Azure (Celastrina echo nigrescens)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
19 May 2014

Arrowhead Blue (Glaucopsyche piasus) Arrowhead Blue (Glaucopsyche piasus) Arrowhead Blue (Glaucopsyche piasus)
Bitterroot River floodplain, Missoula Co., MT
20 May 2014

Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus) Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus) Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus columbia)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
6 May 2014

Ancilla Blue (Euphilotes ancilla)
Below Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
2 July 2014 (left), 4 June 2014 (right)

Western Pygmy-Blue (Brephidium exilis) Western Pygmy-Blue (Brephidium exilis) Western Pygmy-Blue (Brephidium exilis)
MPG Ranch, Missoula Co., MT
30 Sep 2015

Greenish Blue (Plebejus saepiolus) Greenish Blue (Plebejus saepiolus) Greenish Blue (Plebejus saepiolus)
Left: Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT 5 July 2014
Right: MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT 11 July 2014

Boisduval's Blue (Plebejus icarioides) Boisduval's Blue (Plebejus icarioides) Boisduval's Blue (Plebejus icarioides)
Left: Male, Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT 19 May 2014
Right: Female, Below Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT 30 June 2014

Lupine Blue (Plebejus lupini) Lupine Blue (Plebejus lupini)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
2 July 2014

Northern Blue (Plebejus idas) Northern Blue (Plebejus idas)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
Left: Male 4 July 2015
Right: Female 15 July 2013

Melissa Blue (Plebejus melissa) Melissa Blue (Plebejus melissa) Melissa Blue (Plebejus melissa)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
Left: Male 29 May 2014
Right: Female 2 Sep 2013

Brushfoots (Nymphalidae)

Monarch (Danaus plexippus) Monarch (Danaus plexippus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
27 Aug 2015 (left), 2 Aug 2014 (right)

Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia) Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia) Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
16 Sep 2013 (left), 3 July 2015 (right)

Silver-bordered Fritillary (Boloria selene) Silver-bordered Fritillary (Boloria selene) Silver-bordered Fritillary (Boloria selene)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
11 July 2014

Purplish Fritillary (Boloria montinus) Purplish Fritillary (Boloria montinus) Purplish Fritillary (Boloria chariclea grandis)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
10 Aug 2014

Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele leto) Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele leto) Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele leto)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
Left: Male 17 July 2013
Right: Female, 4 Sep 2013

Edwards' Fritillary (Speyeria edwardsii) Edwards' Fritillary (Speyeria edwardsii) Edwards' Fritillary (Speyeria edwardsii)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
5 Aug 2014

Zerene Fritillary (Speyeria zerene) Zerene Fritillary (Speyeria zerene) Zerene Fritillary (Speyeria zerene)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
1 Sep 2013

Callippe Fritillary (Speyeria callippe) Callippe Fritillary (Speyeria callippe) Callippe Fritillary (Speyeria callippe)
Mt. Baldy area, Missoula Co., MT
7 Aug 2014

Atlantis Fritillary (Speyeria atlantis) Atlantis Fritillary (Speyeria atlantis) Atlantis Fritillary (Speyeria atlantis)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
11 July 2014

Pale patches between the large ventral spots are gray, not tan.


Northwestern Fritillary (Speyeria hesperis) Northwestern Fritillary (Speyeria hesperis) Northwestern Fritillary (Speyeria hesperis)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
26 July 2014

Hydaspe Fritillary (Speyeria hydaspe) Hydaspe Fritillary (Speyeria hydaspe) Hydaspe Fritillary (Speyeria hydaspe)
Left: Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT 26 July 2014
Right: Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT 28 July 2014

Mormon Fritillary (Speyeria mormonia) Mormon Fritillary (Speyeria mormonia) Mormon Fritillary (Speyeria mormonia)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
2 Sep 2014

Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
26 June 2015 (left), 1 July 2014 (right)

Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
19 May 2014

West Coast Lady (Vanessa annabella) West Coast Lady (Vanessa annabella) West Coast Lady (Vanessa annabella)
North Draw below Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
4 Sep 2013

Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
26 July 2014 (left), 28 May 2014 (right)

Milbert's Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis milberti) Milbert's Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis milberti) Milbert's Tortoiseshell (Aglais milberti)
Tongue Creek, Missoula Co., MT
21 Sep 2014

Compton Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis l-album) Compton Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis l-album) Compton Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis l-album)
Near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
27 Apr 2015

California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
17 Apr 2015

Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
Left: 4 Sep 2013
Right: 11 Sep 2013

Satyr Comma (Polygonia satyrus) Satyr Comma (Polygonia satyrus) Satyr Comma (Polygonia satyrus)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
8 Sep 2014

Oreas Hoary Comma (Polygonia gracilis zephyrus) Oreas Hoary Comma (Polygonia gracilis zephyrus) Oreas Comma (Polygonia oreas threatfuli)
Davis Creek, Missoula Co., MT
4 Sep 2013

Zephyr' Hoary Comma (Polygonia gracilis zephyrus) Zephyr' Hoary Comma (Polygonia gracilis zephyrus) 'Zephyr' Hoary Comma (Polygonia gracilis zephyrus)
Tongue Creek, Missoula Co., MT
20 Sep 2014

Green comma (Polygonia faunus) Green comma (Polygonia faunus) Green comma (Polygonia faunus)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
16 Sep 2014

Edith's Checkerspot (Euphydryas editha) Edith's Checkerspot (Euphydryas editha beani)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
19 May 2014

Snowberry Checkerspot (Euphydryas colon) Snowberry Checkerspot (Euphydryas colon) Snowberry Checkerspot (Euphydryas colon wallacensis)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
2 July 2014

Northern Checkerspot (Chlosyne palla) Northern Checkerspot (Chlosyne palla) Northern Checkerspot (Chlosyne palla)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
4 June 2014

Pale Crescent (Phyciodes pallida) Pale Crescent (Phyciodes pallida) Pale Crescent (Phyciodes pallida)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
21 May 2014

Mylitta Crescent (Phyciodes mylitta) Mylitta Crescent (Phyciodes mylitta) Mylitta Crescent (Phyciodes mylitta)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
16 Sep 2013

Northern Crescent (Phyciodes cocyta) Northern Crescent (Phyciodes cocyta) Northern Crescent (Phyciodes cocyta pascoensis)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
Left: 5 July 2014
Right: 19 July 2013

Field Crescent (Phyciodes pulchella) Field Crescent (Phyciodes pulchella) Field Crescent (Phyciodes pulchella)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
25 June 2014

Common Ringlet (Coenonympha tullia) Common Ringlet (Coenonympha tullia) Common Ringlet (Coenonympha tullia)
Bitterroot River floodplain below, Missoula Co., MT
Left: 24 May 2014
Right: 3 June 2014

Common Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis pegala) Common Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis pegala) Common Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis pegala)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
3 Sep 2013

Small Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis oetus) Small Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis oetus) Small Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis oetus charon)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
15 July 2013

Common Alpine (Erebia epipsodea) Common Alpine (Erebia epipsodea) Common Alpine (Erebia epipsodea)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
25 June 2014 (left), 4 June 2014 (right)

Chryxus Arctic (Oeneis chryxus) Chryxus Arctic (Oeneis chryxus) Chryxus Arctic (Oeneis chryxus)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
22 May 2014

Skippers (Hesperiidae)

Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus) Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus) Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)
Tongue Creek, Missoula Co., MT
22 July 2014

Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
18 May 2015

Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius) Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius) Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius)
Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co, MT
4 June 2014

Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis) Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis) Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
15 Sep 2013

Arctic Skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon) Arctic Skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon)
Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT
25 May 2014 (left), 9 June 2015 (right)

Garita Skipperling (Oarisma garita) Garita Skipperling (Oarisma garita) Garita Skipperling (Oarisma garita)
Bitterroot River Floodplain, MPG Ranch, Missoula Co., MT
21 July 2014

European Skipper (Thymelicus lineola) European Skipper (Thymelicus lineola) European Skipper (Thymelicus lineola)
Left: Davis Creek, Missoula Co., MT 7 Aug 2014
Right: MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT 11 July 2014

Common Roadside-Skipper (Amblyscirtes vialis) Common Roadside-Skipper (Amblyscirtes vialis) Common Roadside-Skipper (Amblyscirtes vialis)
Left: Woodchuck Creek, Missoula Co., MT 4 June 2014
Right: MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT 6 June 2014

Juba Branded Skipper (Hesperia juba) Juba Skipper (Hesperia juba) Juba Skipper (Hesperia juba)
Tongue Creek, Missoula Co., MT
16 Sep 2013

Common Branded Skipper (Hesperia comma) Common Branded Skipper (Hesperia comma) Common Branded Skipper (Hesperia comma colorado)
Whaley Draw, Missoula Co., MT
25 June 2014

Western Branded Skipper (Hesperia colorado) Western Branded Skipper (Hesperia colorado) Western Branded Skipper (Hesperia colorado idaho)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
15 July 2013

Nevada Skipper (Hesperia nevada) Nevada Skipper (Hesperia nevada) Nevada Skipper (Hesperia nevada)
Hilltopping on Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
28 May 2014

Peck's Skipper (Polites peckius) Peck's Skipper (Polites peckius) Peck's Skipper (Polites peckius)
Near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
2 July 2015

Long Dash (Polites mystic) Long Dash (Polites mystic) Long Dash (Polites mystic)
MPG North near Condon, Missoula Co., MT
11 July 2014

Woodland Skipper (Ochlodes sylvanoides) Woodland Skipper (Ochlodes sylvanoides) Woodland Skipper (Ochlodes sylvanoides)
Near Mt. Baldy, Missoula Co., MT
4 Sep 2013

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Created on ... Sep 25, 2013 | jeffpippen9@gmail.com